Six Proven Steps for Effective English Language Instruction

When English language instruction is at its best, teachers are designing lessons to support academic language acquisition for all students. Those lessons are particularly effective for English Language Learners when they’re based on an instructional model that involves the following six stages.

  1. Introduction: the warm-up or anticipatory set. Teachers help activate students’ prior knowledge and prepare them for new learning.
  2. Input: the teacher-led direct instruction.
  3. Focus: a quick check for understanding. Can be in the form of thumbs-up/down or fist-to-five questioning.
  4. Transfer: students apply their new learning by working on activities or answering questions independently or in groups.
  5. Evaluation: students report on their learning through teacher check for understanding, whole-class share-out, or presentations.
  6. Extension: students take part in engaging, often hands-on activities that provide additional reinforcement of new knowledge.

English Language Instruction: Changes in the Weather, a video segment in the Edivate library, offers an outstanding example of how these six stages are used in a science lesson.

In this video, you’ll join Ms. Betsy Gomez’s 1st grade class at Agua Caliente Elementary School in Cathedral City, California, and see how her students increase their content vocabulary by using word links and visual reading guides to identify and describe weather conditions. Learning is differentiated as students engage in the classroom’s Equity Access Centers.

The students also review the lesson objectives and associated science content standards before starting their science vocabulary activity.

This video comes with a downloadable guidebook.

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